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By: Mehdi Sadaghdar
#SparkGap #Transmitter

Hi I want to try and make an arc transmitter. I think it's the first-ever RF radio wireless transmitter ever invented. You know back when Tesla was busy wasting his time, trying to transmit power wirelessly around the world. Other people figured out.

They could use the same technology to transmit information which is literally the same thing as transmitting power around the world, just that it wasn't enough to power anything but was just enough to transmit the information there see I made the Taser a while back and I'm gon Na use it to create the arcs I need, and there it is, let's see if it works after all these years. What what happened there is to be two nails in there and the gap was shorter. If I put a piece of wire there to make the gap shorter, it starts going. Yes there, it is now it works, died again.

What's going on there haha see. This is the circuit I designed for my taser, which I explained in my website. Electro boom come if you are interested. I have a relay here that switches back and forth and when it's on this side it charges the primary of the transformer.

But when it disconnects there is high-voltage energy here that arcs between the contacts and they heat up and eventually get welded and permanently shorted. And when I flick the relay they disconnect and start working again. Hopefully I won't have to deal with that problem. Now now I have some general knowledge and how this transmitter should work, and this might or might not be good enough for my transmitter.

Let's give it a try. This is a typical arc, driven Tesla coil circuit, designed by Nikola Tesla. What it does is that using an initial transformer, it amplifies some AC voltage to ten twenty or thirty kilovolts. This is a spark gap and at the peak of the AC voltage, when the voltage across these two points is maximum and our is created between them, and you know, an arc has a very low resistance.

So this thing is like a switch that closes at high voltage now when the switch closes. The high voltage energy of the capacitor pours into the primary inductor of the Tesla coil and they resonate and oscillate at a certain frequency which matches the resonant frequency of the secondary of Tesla coil. The huge winding turn ratio of the Tesla coil, combined to the resonance frequency can create millions of volts at the output. Now, if you're smart enough, but not too smart, yet you might ask when this switch is closed.

We still have this inductor parallel to that circuit. How come it doesn't affect the resonance frequency? The reason is that this inductance is much larger than that one and at the resonance frequency, which is much larger than the input frequency. This guy is like an open circuit now, while Nikola Tesla was kicking himself with this circuit. Other people figured out that we don't need this secondary part.

We can just add an antenna here, and this circuit was strong enough to create electromagnetic waves and radio frequencies. That could be picked up by a receiver on the other side, or at least that's what I think and I'm thinking, maybe I'm thinking. Maybe I can use my taser circuit instead of this transformer to create high voltage here. So the idea here is to transmit radio frequencies to be picked up by another circuit, which is essentially another inductor and capacitor, with the resonance frequency that matches the transmitter and the voltage built up here would be large enough to be detected by another circuit.

So I guess anyone with a proper inductor and capacitor could read your information. Yes, we are talking about all times. Nobody knew how to do it, unlike now that I'm telling you how to do it, that's why we need expressvpn. The sponsor of this video expressvpn is a simple and powerful app that runs on pretty much any platform turns on with the click of a button and secures or network communications, especially on public networks, data protection, hiding your location, content on location, just visit, expressvpn, comm, /, Electro boom to get three months free service and learn anyway.

Looking at this, it's very much the same as the original Tesla coil, with the primary resonating with the secondary and creating a voltage there, except that in the Tesla coil. These two are much closer and the output voltage is much higher and, as you move this further, the voltage goes lower and lower. That's why Nikola Tesla's work was essential in wireless communication. There are different configurations of the same circuit that do the same thing, but for now I'll go with this one and see what happens I'll have to make my components and my capacitors have to be very high voltage and my receiver, though the voltage is much lower.

So I can use regular components so for my capacitor, I'm thinking to use my Leyden jar I made a while back should clean it up a little bit, but it should be able to handle tens of kilo volts smell, oh jeez, it's all rotted in there! Oh, why did I forget to remove the water from there my screw they're turning to powder look at this there we go a fresh screw and wire and with fresh salt water. So we are ready to go. I don't need the ball on the top and if it's like last time, the capacitance should be around yeah 1.3 nano farad, okay, so my capacitor is in good shape. Now I need to make an inductor I'm thinking to make it resonate at 1 megahertz, and for that I have to do it on paper.

There you go. I need around 19 micro Henry of inductance now to make my inductor. I need a big cylinder to wind. The wires around - let's assume, for now, I'm going to use this PVC pipe with a diameter of 16 millimeters.

Now I want to make an air core inductor like this, with windings separated by some distance, because the voltage across the inductance I have is like tens of kilo volts, so it could arc between the windings. If there are too close, I'm going to use this calculator because their model seems to match what I'm trying to do. And if I put my parameters in 30 turns and half a centimeter spacing between the wires. My inductor will end up being around 18 micro henries, which is close enough damnit.

I only have enough water for 15 turns, hopefully that's enough. Otherwise I'll have to add. According to the calculator with 15 turns, I should get around 7.8 micro henries. That would significantly raise my resonance frequency.

Let's measure the actual value. Let's see, how much is the inductance zero? After all this, I think this is not accurate for the small inductance. I have to do it another way. I measured inductor like this.

I put a hundred on series resistor with the inductor, provide a sine wave input and measure the output. Now, if I plot the output on a logarithmic scale versus frequency at low frequency, the inductor is like a short circuit, so the output is low and as the frequency rises, the impedance Rises and so the output voltage until at some point, the inductor is like an Open circuit and the line goes flat now at a certain frequency. The output to input difference is three decibels or the output voltage to input ratio is around 0.7. If we measure that frequency using this equation, we can calculate the inductance here, you know, is the input sine-wave and green? Is the output voltage across the inductor and if I sweep the frequency higher, you see that the green voltage across the output rises and when it reaches around 70 percent of the input voltage? That's where your 3 DB frequency is, but fortunately, for me, my scope.

Has this frequency response analysis function that will plot these graphs? For me automatically - and here the blue curve is my amplitude change and I can see that around here is my 3 DB drop and it is at 1.68 megahertz, and that means my inductor is around nine and a half micro henries, see in the ballpark, and if I use these numbers to calculate my resonance frequency. It's around 1.4 mega Hertz. I guess it's. Okay, let's actually measure it.

When I have a LC circuit like this and measure, the output at low frequency, the inductor is like a short circuit and the output is low at high frequency. The capacitor is like a short circuit and the output is low. So when I raise the frequency, the output goes up and then goes down again and this spot, which is my resonance frequency, is where the impedance of these two is infinite and the output is equal to input. All my wires here probably will add some inductance to the system and drop the frequency a little bit but yeah here we are, we have a terrible looking peak and the amplitude starts rising at higher frequency again and the peak frequency is around 1.4 megahertz see here's The problem we have when we measure the output voltage at this point - and we have alligator clips here that have some tiny inductance associated with them at low frequency.

This inductance is like a short circuit and, as the frequency Rises, the voltage Rises until we reach the resonance frequency after which this capacitor takes over and the voltage drops again but above some frequency, these tiny inductors become much larger impedance and isolate the capacitor from the Measurement point and the voltage Rises again, but if we measure as close as possible to the capacitor to reduce the line inductance, then we will push this voltage return thing to much higher frequencies, which doesn't affect what we are trying to do. Just that our resonant circuit will have a little bit of higher inductance due to these wires. Let's try the same thing with the Leyden jar. What do we do? There we go now.

My peak is around one and a half megahertz and my high frequency inductive crap happens at much higher frequency. If we run our wires a straight compared to looping them a couple of times, it will make a significant difference in resonance frequency which we could use. Let's put them together first off the capacitor: this is the art without the capacitor and now here we have the arcs with the capacitor connected see, it doesn't work anymore because I think the capacitor is loading, the output voltage and reducing it. So I have to bring the contacts further close, never rely on the wire coating very high voltage easily breaks through it.

Here I made a sophisticated spark gap here, that's adjustable too now. This is with the capacitor across the output. Arcs are much stronger and without the capacitor much weaker. The reason is the capacitor stores a much greater energy and release it in a stronger - and now I add my inductor to the circuit.

So now the arc has to go through the inductor and arcs are a little bit weaker now, because the inductor limits this spike of current and resonates with the capacitor goody. Now I have a loop on my probe and let's see what will pick up on this scope. Look at this beauty. It's clearly resonating at a frequency of around 1.4 megahertz with a peak of 5 volts, let's make a receiver.

So here I made an inductor. That's around 14 micro henries, parallel with the 1 nano farad capacitor, to give me a resonance of around 1.4 megahertz, and this is what we get on the receiver. These voltages are above 40. Volts is smaller the power of resonance.

I should be able to turn on some LEDs with this here. I put two parallel: reverse LEDs across the circuit and it's barely turn on even very close to the inductor, which means that the received energy is very small and as soon as we loaded the voltage significantly drops, which means as long as we don't load the circuit. It should have high enough voltage to detect so I'm gon na use this circuit. I made a while back that takes AC voltages from the wire there.

We go and I'm running it off a 9-volt battery. So it's a little bit more sensitive and if I press the switch it's turning on and it's getting brighter get closer go away. Of course I didn't put an antenna on me, so I should do that in AM radio frequencies where I'm at it greatly helps. If we ground the transmitter and receiver and have one of those massive antennas, you have probably seen around the roads, at least at the transmitter.

The radio waves like a mirror bounce of Earth and ionosphere, which is a charged layer in the atmosphere and can travel long distances. I have an extension cord I'll connect to my transmitter as the antenna and another extension code as the receiver antenna. I guess I'll just connect it to my ceiling, delight the other side to air through my scope, ground. Well, let's just move it all the way back in this corner and I'll use.

The outlet airs to connect it to ground there. You go no antenna connected, don't see anything now I'll just hook my receiver antenna to this corner here, and here it is with the antenna of course, at the receiver. The signal will be very small over long distances, so you need a very sharp filter to extract your signal from noise and a very low noise amplifier to increase the signal to a usable level. Well, it's always encouraging to know your knowledge is not absolute.

This is what they used a while back to send Morse codes help me, of course, these radio waves are always available for everyone to pick up and read. That's why, when there were sending Morse codes, they would use a special code to encrypt their data so that nobody could understand them same thing. They do at expressvpn, even when you're at home, which you should be right now. Your ISP can see all your internet activity like the websites you visit for how long and how much data is transmitted and can sell this information to advertisement companies.

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You know who you are so I use Express VPN to connect to a different country and pull my data from there. The government doesn't know why I connected to say Venezuela and don't know what my encrypted data is, and the company thinks hey. Venezuela is whitelisted, so I get what I need from their specific typical Iranian day-to-day life. Anyway, my link gives you three months of free service and then a low monthly fee afterwards register and enjoy your privacy, security and access, and thank you for watching.


14 thoughts on “Making a Spark-Gap Transmitter”
  1. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars brandon mcgee says:

    I have a really dangerous experiment for you. fill a vadergraph generator up with baking sod and water and then put a positive and negative electrode in it. then connect it to a batterie and perform electrolysis. then count to 10 and turn the vandergraph generator on and see if for hydrogen is produced when you charge the water in the vandergraph generator when you charge it.

  2. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars CHRISTOPHER MANESS says:

    I used a big SCR in place of the relay contacts. There is still a relay in the circuit, but it only operates the trigger of the SCR. The relay goes forever with that design.

  3. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Spherical Cube says:

    Never be sick and have this guy playing as background noise, he induces fever dreams.

  4. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars TitanTheLearnLearn says:

    now we just need to install express VPN on the transmitter and youre safe

  5. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars piyush Singhal says:

    Hello electro boom I will you a advice to solve JEE advanced Physics problems.These problems will boom you😂😂
    Love from India

  6. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars jedab channel says:

    if tesla is alive today, he wod certainly be so much disappointed to see engineers today make his invention a toy for big engineers making non sense kilowatt transmitters to light up a single led to a certain distance 😥😭😢🥺

  7. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars jedab channel says:

    why put antenna to your transmitter when in fact your spark gap is where your em waves propagate? anyway keep learning, you almost get tesla 's plan. there is just one peice missing to make it work like teslas plan. with your setup, you can never recieve as much power compared to how much you used to power your transmiter. you should get as much power from your reciever if you do not ignore the law of conservation of energy. where all the power gone if you can only light a piece of led?

  8. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars InmostReign8 says:

    This guy don't have any safety, that's why the name is electro boom.. Boom.. Boom..!

  9. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Naroz Kiv says:

    You dare to mention Nikola Tesla? With all that equipment such as oscilloscopes, transistors, battery powered receivers, you are able to light up LED. Tesla has to invent much of that stuff, which you are spitting on? Shame on you, and don't forget that Tesla invented what nowadays students studies. There were nobody to learn him.

  10. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Johny Why says:

    Mehdi, you're wrong about Nikola Tesla. Nikola ALSO envisioned transmitting text, pictures, news, military information, and music, wirelessly, around the world. The man envisioned the internet. You can read about it in his autobiography.

  11. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Qorax says:

    While he's a nice guy, I don't want to be a neighbor of him – I prefer to have wifi connectivity lol 😆

  12. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars OddGuy says:

    Guess it's back to basics. Never heard about "henry". I figured it would be the same as Ohm but guess it''s not. There is time too in that unit? huh? I wish everything could be done with ohms law :P.

  13. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars David De Angelis says:

    Everytime i hurt myself at work, i say "F*CK". And you're definitely guilty for that. haha. Greetings from Argentina.

  14. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Basile Ok says:

    How did Tesla make his inventions that 21st century scientists don't understand without using an oscilloscope, and so on. ? Primitive scientist! Is that why they murdered him and stole his inventions?

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