I finally made an induction heater with NO PROTECTIONS with ZVS Circuit!!
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By: Mehdi Sadaghdar

Hi today, i'd like to put an exciting circuit together called zbs or zero voltage, switching uh driver. I don't know why they call it that, maybe because the circuit changes the state when a voltage passes zero, it doesn't matter. This is one of the simplest high power coil drivers that can be the basis of many exciting circuits, like an induction heater that i'm gon na make today or a super high voltage generator or well one video. At a time.

Let's see if i can figure this one first, one search over the web and you find this circuit. The way it works is there are two transistors and i oh, why did they dry it like this? Here i drew it in a more familiar arrangement for you. Does it look familiar now? No fine! Here, you might be more familiar with this one. It is called an a stable, multivibrator vibrator.

What just call it an a stable oscillator grow up you little child. Basically, the circuit is unstable and these transistors switch on enough periodically non-stop, so you can switch things on and off with it here. I added two leds to the circuit to switch and if i power it up, oh - and this is a battery operated, variable power supply. I got to use with my breadboard pretty convenient power it up and there leds start blinking.

Now i can't even add a relay to the circuit and switch ac with it. Like lamps, okay, i put the lamp and circuit together and, if i plug it in initially the lights will be off or on. I guess, if i turn on the circuit, it did. I misconnect something well yeah.

The relay must be in series with the lamp not parallel with the lamp, otherwise it will short the live wires. Isn't it obvious check your connections? Well, this failed, but something that hasn't failed are my raycon everyday e25 earbuds premium sound quality with tons of oomph. That's bass, super small profile, freedom from wires with six hours of play; time and starting at half the price of other premium earbuds and yet sounding as amazing. If not better.

What are you waiting for click on my link in the description and get yours at 15 percent off? Okay, let's go back a bit. This is an n channel, mosfet transistor. If the gate source voltage rises above a threshold, the drain source terminals that were opened before will almost short circuit, like a switch. Now, this simple circuit is a bi-stable circuit, meaning that it has two stable states.

Imagine we just turned the power supply on initially, both transistors are off and the resistor voltages rise with the supply. Even between similar components. There are minor differences, so one of these transistors turns on earlier than the other one say: q1 closes like a switch pulling. This voltage down, which is also the gate voltage of q2, which keeps q2 off so this voltage stays high.

Keeping q1 on the circuit is a stable in this state and won't change unless an external force, like a switch, pulls this voltage down turning q1 off. So now the drain of q1 rises turning q2 on now, even if i let go of the switch, the circuit is stuck in this new state. Unless i add another switch here to change the state back, i put the bi-stable circuit with my relays and lamps together. Let's turn it on oh geez, my bar for a functioning circuit is pretty low.
Let's press the switch! No it's working! Now, let's make some changes to the circuit. The drain voltage of each transistor goes through a capacitor to the gate of the other transistor, which is also connected to a resistor divider if you're using a bjt transistor. Instead, you don't need these pull down resistors because it already acts like a pull down here again when we turn on the power supply. One of these transistors turns on earlier than the other one say q1 and its drain voltage drops rapidly and we know capacitors are like short circuit against rapid voltage changes, so the voltage on this side also drops turning q2 off with q2 off this voltage and that Voltage are high keeping q1 on, but now this capacitor will be charging through this resistor divider, and so this voltage starts going up.

This voltage will eventually rise above the threshold voltage of q2 turning it on, and so its drain voltage will rapidly drop and through the capacitor, this voltage drops turning q1 off and, of course, now through the resistor divider. The capacitor charges raising the voltage here, which eventually will turn q1 on and q2 off, and this is an a stable vibrate vibrator oscillator whatever here, i simply add the relay coil between my supply and mosfet and if i turn it on there, we go start. Switching simple as the what happened it seems damn it. I killed one of my mosfets here's, the problem when the transistor turns on there is current running through the coil of the relay and when i turn the transistor off, the inductance still wants to push the current through.

So the voltage across it flips and at this point the voltage shoots well above the power supply level connected to the drain. This voltage doesn't have enough energy to kill my transistor, but the gate of the transistor is quite weak, so it can easily die. The solution is to add a diode like this across the coil called the freewheeling diode or a flyback diode. Here i added diode across the coils and there you go now.

We are ready to add lamps and ac power. Okay, here's my circuit with the relays and if i plug it in okay and the lights are off and if i turn it on it's working, it's working now to the zvs circuit. It's basically the same thing just that there are a bunch of inductors and capacitors l1 and c1 has a certain resonance frequency equal to this equation, and the circuit oscillates at that resonance, l2 and l3 are peaked to be much larger, like over 10 times larger than L1, so they have little effect on the resonance frequency, but they filter massive ac voltage and currents from the supply voltage and oh boy. They are massive.
The way this circuit works is imagine. Q1 is on because its gate voltage is high, meaning that the lc circuit voltage is swinging up and down on the way down, though, through this diode it pulls the gate voltage of q1 down turning it off. So now this voltage rises. This voltage going up raises the gate voltage of q2 and turns it on, and so now this voltage swings up and down and again on the way down through the diode.

It pulls the gate voltage down turning q2 off and the cycle continues. Let me show you see, you don't need a scope and tools and components to start learning. Electronics, all you need is what we call a spice simulation program. You put your components in there and connect them up, and you can probe all the voltages and currents and learn the circuit.

There are tons of different spice simulators out there, but, like many of us engineers, i've been using this free, lt spice software for many years now, which is quite simple and robust after we run the simulation. If we probe here, we see there is initially these misbehaviors that are due to capacitor and these big inductors resonating that dies away. If i zoom here, you can clearly see those half sine waves on the drain of the mosfet i was talking about now. If we probe q2 drain, we see the other half of the sine wave i was talking about, and the peak of the voltage is 37 volts well above my 12 volt supply and that's the power of resonance and, of course, because these big inductors are isolating the Voltage from the power supply and this high voltage is why we have diodes here to drive the gates.

This makes sure that when the voltage here rises, the diode turns off and the gate voltage is pulled off by these pull up resistors to the supply voltage, mosfet gates can handle 16 to 20 volts and because my power supply is 12 volts, i remove those zener And pull down resistors from the gates, otherwise i should put them in now. Let me show you something even more magnificent. If we look at the current through the inductor see it is plus minus 30 amps, almost the same as the capacitor current, but the current through l2 and l3 is much smaller if we zoom on those they're just around plus minus 0.8 amps, and this current is Mostly not coming from the power supply, as you see, they are mostly pouring it back and forth into the resonance circuit. If we look at the power supply current, so small, it's around 80 milliamp dc plus minus 200 milliamp ac, maintaining 30 amp 37 volts of resonance and that's the power of resonance.

This tiny bit of current from the power supply is necessary to overcome the resistive and radiation losses through the components. The massive 30 amp 37 volt peak oscillation mostly only creates reactive power, which is not a loss just oscillation. Okay, i designed the circuit and ordered the parts. Let's put them together, do and done.

Okay turn it on. Okay, are you afraid me? No, i'm not! Ah, are you little well, it's on? Oh, it could blow any time it won't. What does it sound? Many days later well, i spent some good time improving the circuit and now i'm running it off at 12 volt battery and still there is like two and a half amps going into the circuit, because there are more losses into the actual wires compared to the simulation. My inductor is especially getting hot because it's handling over 30 amps.
Now, if i put a piece of iron inside the coil, the current goes even higher. This is because of tons of thermal losses ow due to huge eddy currents and magnetic losses through the ferromagnetic metal, but low resistance, non-ferromagnetic metal won't have as much losses, so the current won't rise as much. If i put my stainless steel plier in the coil, the car rises to 17 amps and it gets quite warm right away here. Let's put this in wow the power it works.

Let me show you some waveforms. This is the gate voltage of the mosfets. I don't really like this low rise time, otherwise, it's as expected and here's the drain voltage of the mosfet, the half sine wave. We talked about at around 26 kilohertz and 37 volt peak, and this is the magnificent sine wave across the resonance components at 37.

Volt peak, which means there is around 37 amp peak through my inductor here, which is of course at no load when there is load that current will add to it. No wonder it gets so damn hot! Oh, it's burning, i need thicker wire and there you have it. I made my own induction heater with no protection. This is very easy.

Yeah the circuit works, but it's not a product. It can easily die in a fiery doom. I added an article with more details to my website. If you are interested and last but not the least, listen to music using my sponsor raycon's earbuds irrelevant that protects my revenue, you dummy listen, you can't go wrong with raycon, just listen to the sound quality.

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10 thoughts on “Almost MELTING Metal with Induction Heater”
  1. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Robel Tesfaye Tesfaye says:

    Is there even 1 video you havent been shoked i meanit is educational but its so much better than a comedy show .bro i got to give you that one

  2. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Rizuken Nekuzir says:

    Do you take real risks with electricity or is it just the gimmick that makes the video more entertaining all the while you're actually safe? Just curious

  3. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Alexander Di Cintio says:

    I was wiring an old custom motorcycle, somehow I ended up with the light switching effect you produced here 😅 Funny thing, I want to make this induction heater, now I have to figure out what the hell was/is going on.

  4. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars zarb-e qalandar says:

    Mehdi, can it be used to create an instant heater?
    Ardunio with flow sensor and a relay. When tap is turned on flow sensor tells arduino to turn on relay to power the zvs
    A metal water pipe flows through ZVS induction coil
    A temperature sesnor is also attached to arduino to detect and control behavior based on temperature i.e. ZVS ON/OFF or voltage regulation

    Looking forward to your or anyone else's input

  5. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Friendly Creeper says:

    I love how Mehdi "Sir" edits his videos. xD
    It is more funnier than the videos meant for amusement lmfao
    He made me fall in love with physics!

  6. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Phil Brammer says:

    Great vid yes it's surprising the MOSFETS survive with that slow rise time when theyd be in their linear region. I wonder how hot the MOSFETS got. Love your videos well done !

  7. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars RiderRick says:

    I just came here to tell you that after 12 years (if my meth is correct) i FINALLY subscribed your channel.

    Yeah, I am a change resistor. Whatever that means.

  8. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Fizzy Plazmuh says:

    I love how your slipshod and slapstick methods inspire the rest of us to be neat and precise. And all of your horrible shocks remind us to practice extra caution. You have probably saved more than a few lives, dear crazy man.

  9. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Cutie Jelly says:

    LTspice is not very intuitive. Huge learning curve. There's a cool one on play store (P something idk) and SimulIDE on PC is a bit more intuitive. Having said that, I REALLY NEED to use a simulator cause it really helps me understand what Mehdi is talking about. I was kinda lost on all his vids until I started making them myself.

  10. Avataaar/Circle Created with python_avatars Amit Bajpai says:

    Today, I went to electronic shop,
    Bought many components of over 900 rupees (11 dollars) and made my own zvs circuit. Feeling proud 🙂

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